Raspberry Pi version B+
Previously I wrote:
I had ordered a BBB for no other reason that it’s better looking than the Rpi 🙂
Well, no longer. I ordered the new version B+ because it is as good looking as the BeagleBone Black 🙂
Not really. The reason is because that there is a lot, lot more community development in the Pi than the Beagle. In fact if we just look at shipments, the Raspberry Pi sells almost 20 times the amount of BeableBone Black (over 3.8 million [link] vs 200,000 devices [link]). This is a huge advantage in the popularity front.
I had been a fan of the BeagleBone board [link] mainly because it is a higher performance board and had local storage. In addition (by design or by accident) the audio master clock uses an on-board 24.576 MHz clock from which it derives the frequencies for 48KHz sample rate material with integer division. There is also the capability of receiving the master clock from external sources and thus it is possible to feed it a higher quality 24.576 MHz and 22.5792 MHz clocks. There has been a clock board (and corresponding drivers) in the works since early this year, but nothing available yet as of this writing [link]
In contrast, there has been a much larger development effort in the RPi front as testified by the numerous I2S DAC boards that have become commercially available. Many of these companies are dedicated to building audio solutions first for the Raspberry Pi and then possible for other embedded platforms.
Here is a list of DAC boards available for the Raspberry Pi (versus none for the BeagleBone Black as of this writing)
|G2 Labs||BerryNOS 1543 RED||$125||Philips TDA1543||Balanced design, discrete output stage, power supply|
|BerryNOS mini||$60||Philips TDA1543||Balanced design, discrete output stage|
|HIFIBerry||HiFiBerry DAC||€25||TI PCM5102A|
|HiFiBerry DAC+||€30||TI PCM5122||DAC volume control|
|IQAudio||PiDAC||$38||TI PCM5122||DAC volume control|
|PiDAC+||$42||TI PCM5122||DAC volume control, headphone amp|
|Saparel||RaspiPlay3||$40||TI PCM5102A||From Serbia|
|RaspiPlay4 [link]||TBD||TI PCM5122||DAC volume control, IR remote|
|Audiophonics||I-Sabre DAC||€25||ESS ES9023|
|I-Sabre DAC+||€43||ESS ES9023|
|Element 14||Wolfson Audio Card||$35||Wolfson WM5102||Available through resellers. WM5102 is a complete audio system. The board implements line-in, line-out, speaker and headphone output and mic input. The board also includes a WM8804 providing SPDIF input and output, a digital microphone and expansion header for other Wolfson devices|
|HIFImeDIY||ES9023 DAC||$19||ESS ES9023||Lowest price!|
|DurioSound||DurioSound||$45||TI PCM5102A||Has ultra low noise regulator (TPS7a47)|
|DurioSound Pro||$70||TI PCM5102A||Has ultra low noise regulator (TPS7a47) and Local Power Supply|
- Notice that the DAC chips used are the ones that can cope without a Master Clock. RPi I2S does not Master Clock, so the DACs synch on bitclock and generate their own master clock.
- Products using PCM 5122 can use the DAC’s internal volume control and therefore can be connected directly to an amplifier.
- There are companies such as diyinhk and curryman that are not listed because they do not specifically make DAC boards that conform to the RPi footprint but are fully functional as I2S DACs. Any I2S DAC that does not require master clock will work.
My Favorite ones are the HIFIBerry DAC+ and the IQAudio PiDAC+, both based on the PCM 5122 with “hardware” volume control (meaning using the volume control in the DAC itself)
WHAT IS NEW IN THE B+
In the two years since we launched the current Raspberry Pi Model B, we’ve often talked about our intention to do one more hardware revision to incorporate the numerous small improvements people have been asking for. This isn’t a “Raspberry Pi 2″, but rather the final evolution of the original Raspberry Pi. Today, I’m very pleased to be able to announce the immediate availability, at $35 – it’s still the same price, of what we’re calling the Raspberry Pi Model B+. [link]
There are a million reviews on the Raspberry Pi. Here is one more but with a slant towards diyaudio…
New Layout (and more I/O pins)
Notice that the I2S pins are right next to a GND pin. This is particularly good as you can easily use twisted pairs (for noise immunity) when connecting to a DAC
List of integrated circuits [link]
|U1||BCM2835||SoC comprising ARM Processing core and Video Core. Data Sheet
|U2||LAN9514||4 USB 2.0 Hub and 10/100 Ethernet controller. Data Sheet
|U3||PAM2306AYPKE||Dual DC-DC Switching converter. Data Sheet|
|U4||APX803-46SAG||Brownout detector (reset generator) Data Sheet|
|U5||AP7115-25SEG||150 mA Linear Regulator. 50 uV noise (Video DAC) Data Sheet|
|U8||ESD5384||ESD protection for HDMI. Data Sheet|
|U9||AP2331W||Current limited switch (for HDMI hot plug) Data Sheet|
|U10||AP7115-25SEG||150 mA Linear Regulator. 50 uV noise. (PWM Audio Driver supply) Data Sheet|
|U11||NC7WZ16||Ultra High Speed dual buffer. (PWM Driver) Data Sheet|
|U13||AP2553W6||USB current limited power switch (for hot plug). Data Sheet|
|U14||DMMT5401||Matched PNP transistors. Data Sheet|
Board schematic here: [link]
The audio jack is also a composite AV jack
More USB Ports
New USB/Network Chip (to support the 4 USB ports)
The USB powerchain has a proper limiting switch and will not brown out the board if USB devices are plugged in when powered (or even if they try to take too much current or there is a fault like a power short). Default allowed USB current across 4 ports is 600mA, but can be increased to 1.2A via a config.txt parameter if a good quality 2A PSU is used. I have tried a few different USB hard disks and they all power fine directly from the Pi at the 1.2A setting. [link]
To increase power to 1.2A you add the following lin
e in /boot/config.txt[link]
max_usb_current=1 (newer software)
safe_mode_gpio=4 (older software)
The 5V for the USB ports is provided directly by the 5V of the input supply. The schematic below shows the 5V sourced from Power In. There is a 2A fuse a diode-like low-drop polarity protection circuit and an over-voltage zener.
Therefore a better quality power supply is required. Here is an excellent post on choosing and evaluating 5V charger/supply [link]
I like the Orico DCX-2U. It has two USB outputs: 1×2.4A, 1×1.5A. The 2.4A output is plenty for a “fully loaded” RPi
High Efficiency Switching Supply (power consumption is reduced by between 0.5W and 1W)
The DC-DC Switching supply is the PAM2306AYPKE. This device supplies the 3.3v and 1.8v supplies. The switching frequency is 1.5MHz (which can easily removed by the LC filters on the outputs).
MicroSD Card Slot
There are many theories as to why the SD card was replaced with the micro SD card. I think it is probably lower cost.
BETTER ANALOG AUDIO
According to the people from Raspberry Pi, the audio in the B+ model has been improved. The audio circuit (AUDIO out) incorporates a dedicated low-noise power supply (the input to this power supply is the external 5V supply). According to this comment [link]:
The B+ does not use use a switching regulator for its PWM driver, that would indeed be a bad design choice, instead it uses the AP7115-25SEG [link] low drop regulator with high power supply rejection ratio. It creates a noise free 2.5V for the NC7WZ16 PWM driver, the output of which is attenuated and filtered with two 100 Ohm resistors, and a 100 nF capacitor, so the output is 50 Ohm, and can reach 1.25Volt p/p.
U10 is the linear regulator and U11 is the “PWM Driver”
Whether this audio is “better” or not, it does not concern us. Take a look at this post [link].
WHAT’S THE SAME?
Same SoC (Same ARM processor and GPU and 512MB of RAM)
Unlike the BeagleBone Black, there is no local memory for storage. The s/w runs out of the microSD card.
Same external 19.2 MHz crystal
- Firmware v 0.99
- Soekris DAC: Modding VRef
- R2R DAC Benchmark Filters (for now)
- dam 1021 R2R More Mods…
- Digital Filters for Soekris R-2R DAC
- Soekris dam 1021 R-2R DAC ILLUSTRATED GUIDE
- BBB DAC DEVELOPMENTS
- dam1021 R-2R DAC MODs
- Soekris dam1021 Build
- Raspberry Pi 2
- The Soekris R-2R DAC: Technical Details
- INSIDE MARANTZ AV RECEIVER
- AKM Verita 4490EQ DAC
- Raspberry Pi B+ Digital Audio
- Raspberry Pi version B+